Our Solar Process

The Ecoefficient Process

Get an overview of how solar works efficiently to cut costs

How do solar photovoltaic (PV) panels work?

The Solar Process

Infographic of the solar process showing a diagram of where solar panels send energy to
Interested in learning How Solar Works? Ecoefficient can help you harness the sun's free energy with our expert solar panel installations. Our team of reliable solar installers can tailor-design your solar system specific to your energy requirements, so you can purchase as many solar panels as you need and add to it later if you wish.
So, if you're interested in learning How Solar Works, choose Ecoefficient as your solar installer. Contact us today to learn more about how we can help you harness the power of the sun with our expert solar panel installations.
At Ecoefficient, we're committed to helping you reduce your carbon footprint and save money on your energy bills. Our solar panel installations can add value to your home, and you can expect to attain at least a 10% return on your investment.
Comparison Infographic of solar savings (without a battery) year on year from 2022 to 2023

Ecoefficient, a company specializing in solar panel installations in Hawke’s Bay, recognizes the importance of renewable sources of energy in combating climate change. Solar energy can be harnessed through photovoltaic (PV) panels, which directly convert sunlight into electricity. Understanding the solar process and how solar PV panels work is crucial to appreciate the benefits of this technology.

The Solar Process: How the Sun’s Energy is Captured

The sun emits energy in the form of electromagnetic radiation, including visible light, ultraviolet light, and infrared radiation. Solar PV panels are designed to capture this energy. Ecoefficient’s installations consist of multiple solar cells made from semiconducting materials, such as silicon.

How Solar PV Panels Work

When sunlight hits a solar PV panel, photons in the light knock electrons loose from atoms in the semiconducting material of the solar cells. These electrons are captured by an electric field created within the solar cell, generated by the combination of two layers of different materials – an excess of electrons in the n-type layer and a deficiency of electrons in the p-type layer.

The movement of electrons from the n-type layer to the p-type layer creates a flow of electricity that can be harnessed by connecting the solar cells in a circuit. The resulting electricity powers homes, businesses, and other devices.

Factors that Affect Solar PV Panel Performance

Several factors impact the efficiency of solar PV panels. The amount of sunlight that hits the panel is critical – more sunlight means more energy can be captured. Other factors include the panel’s temperature, the type and quality of the semiconducting material used, and the angle and orientation of the panel relative to the sun.

Advantages of Solar PV Panels

Solar PV panels offer several advantages over other sources of energy. Solar energy is renewable and does not emit greenhouse gases or other pollutants that contribute to climate change. Additionally, solar energy can be generated locally, reducing reliance on centralized power grids and transmission lines. Finally, solar energy is becoming increasingly cost-competitive with other sources of energy, making it an attractive option for many consumers and businesses.


Ecoefficient’s solar panel installations in Hawke’s Bay are an essential technology for capturing and harnessing the sun’s energy. Understanding the solar process and how solar PV panels work is crucial in transitioning to a more sustainable and low-carbon future. As the demand for renewable energy continues to grow, we can expect to see more advances in solar technology and wider adoption of solar PV panels.